Glossary

If you feel that the world of Fair Trade has its very own language – do not worry! With this glossary we would like to guide you through the specific technical terms used by FLOCERT, Fairtrade International and the World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO).

Artisanal, small-scale mining organization (ASMO)

An ASMO is comprised of artisanal and small-scale miners and/or held by legal owners, landowners, shareholders and/or members. An ASMO is constituted according to the legal, social, cultural and organizational reality of the local context. An ASMO has direct (held by the ASMO) or indirect (held by miners of the ASMO) legal or contractual rights and environmental permits to mine. Where a country does not provide community-based ASM with legal status, the ASMO has all other direct or indirect legal or contractual rights and environmental permits to mine legally.

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